Training on financial instruments
Training on financial instruments and accounting standards for financial instruments are important for all officers of the bank. As an endeavour to enable the banks in India to adopt the complex Indian Accounting Standards, especially accounting standards for financial instruments, we are happy to announce training program for the officers of the banks. The training is done as a workshop model with extensive hands on problems and solutions from real life scenarios. The interactive training program assumes no prior knowledge of accounting for the participants. As the entire subject may be relatively new to several participants, training is imparted from the basics. Training on the new set of standards is imperative, as this will enable the officers to understand the impact of convergence to Ind AS. Also, it will enable them to evaluate Ind AS based financial statements of their customers which will effectively improve the process of credit appraisal before granting such facilities to them. Needless to say that this knowledge will be useful in their responsibility of monitoring the financial performance of their customers on a periodical basis.
Mandatory application of Ind AS
The Ministry of Corporate Affairs on 18th January 2016 announced the road map for implementation of Ind AS for scheduled commercial banks, insurance companies and non-banking financial companies (NBFCs). They are required to prepare the Ind AS based financial statements beginning from 1st April 2018 onwards. It should be noted that Banks are prohibited from adopting Ind AS voluntarily from an earlier date other than the dates mentioned above.
Subsequently, in a notification issued by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on 11th February, 2016, Banks are required to assess the impact of implementing Ind AS and are required to submit quarterly progress reports to their respective boards. Banks are also required to be in preparedness to submit proforma Ind AS financial statements to the RBI from the half year ended September 30, 2016.
As per the said notification, banks are also required to disclose in their annual reports the strategy for implementing Ind AS and the progress made in such implementation from the financial year 2016-17 until the implementation process is completed.
Pursuant to the above mentioned regulatory requirements, banks are mandatorily required to comply with Indian Accounting Standards (Ind AS) for financial statements beginning from 1st April 2018 onwards with comparatives for the periods ending 31st March 2018 or thereafter. Ind AS would be applicable to both standalone financial statements and consolidated financial statements.
Consequences of introducing Ind AS
The requirement by the RBI ensuring Ind AS compliance by banks, insurance companies and NBFCs casts enormous amounts of responsibility on their part. While the RBI recommendation is a welcome development in the backdrop of the global perspective, it requires significant learning at various levels for the officers, managers and other top officials of every bank, so that they understand the importance of the new regulatory requirements thrust on them.
Financial instruments as per Ind AS
Financial instruments which probably are the most complex topic in the entire literature of accounting standards are one of the key areas from the perspective of a bank. Most line items in a balance sheet of a bank are invariably financial instruments and hence it is extremely important to understand the requirements of financial instruments accounting standards. Banks may not have the recourse to any precedence as the financial instruments standard viz. IFRS 9 is applicable for accounting periods beginning on or after 1st January 2018 onwards globally wherever IFRS is adopted. It is pertinent to note that IFRS 9 underwent a major revision in several of the key conceptual areas viz., recognition, classification, derecognition and impairment amongst other concepts. Hedge accounting underwent a major overhaul which is now part of the new IFRS 9 that is adopted in India and converged as Ind AS 109.
The training program would be customised based on the bank’s requirements.
The suggested program is for a three day course and a model session plan is given below which can be modified depending upon your specific requirements.
We have expert trainers who have hands on experience for more than 30 years in handling accounting standards. Depending upon the Bank’s requirement additional topics can be covered by respective trainers who have specialised knowledge on the subject selected.
Model session plan
Three day training course on Financial Instruments as per Ind AS requirements
10 am to 1 pm
|Basic concepts of derivative instruments
– What are derivatives and why we need them
– Meaning of Forward, Futures and options
– Pricing futures
– Hedging, speculation & gambling
– Option basics: ITM, ATM, OTM, Exercise, Lapse
2 pm to 5 pm
|Advanced concepts on derivative instruments
– Greeks in options pricing
– Black-Scholes model / Binomial model
– Put-call parity
Features of equity and equity derivatives
– Exercise with practical problems
Features of Interest Rate Derivatives
– Interest Rate Swaps
– Interest Rate CAPs / Floors
– Interest Rate Collars / Reverse Collars
– Cross Currency Swaps
Fixed Income Securities
Credit Default Swaps
Total Return Swaps
10 am to 1 pm
|Accounting Standard Ind AS 32
– Financial asset and financial liabilities
– Compound instruments
– Liability Vs. Equity
2 pm to 5 pm
|Accounting Standard Ind AS 109
– Recognition, measurement, subsequent measurement
– Amortized cost
– Classification, reclassification & derecognition
– Embedded derivatives
Ind AS 107 Disclosures
– Live examples from published accounts
Report of the working group on implementation of Ind AS by Banks
– Discussion of the report and practical implications thereof
10 am to 11.15 pm
|Accounting for financial instruments
– Interest rate derivatives
– Fixed income securities
Effect of changes in foreign exchange rates Ind AS 21
– Impact on financial instruments / hedge accounting
11.30 am to 1 pm
– Fair Value Hedge
– Cash Flow Hedge
2 pm to 5 pm
– Case studies on Hedge Accounting
Financial instruments nuances in First time adoption